Ask Leo! #609 – More Windows 10, Https for Everything, Saving that Free Upgrade, and more…

Leo's Blog

More Focus on WIndows 10

Focus is slowly shifting to Windows 10, and I'm curious what you think of it these days. Likes? Dislikes? Things you can't find? Not so much complaints, but opportunities where I can help?

Continue Reading: More Focus on WIndows 10


Why Can't We Use https for Everything?

Why couldn't all websites that are genuine, like or or, be https?

They could.

In fact, more and more sites are slowly making the switch. Even Ask Leo! is now an https site.

The problem is that it's not a simple switch. Besides the technology, there are some costs and ramifications. And it may not solve all the problems you think it does.

Continue Reading: Why Can't We Use https for Everything?

Saving Your Free Windows 10 Upgrade For Later

While the Windows 10 free upgrade offer expires July 29, it turns out there are a couple of approaches that, while they are a little bit of work, can save the free upgrade so you can use it after the deadline has passed.

There are the normal number of caveats and possible issues, but if you're not ready to make the switch just yet, we have a way to save that free update.

Continue Reading: Saving Your Free Windows 10 Upgrade For Later


The Ask Leo! Guide to Staying Safe on the Internet
Expanded Edition

You can use the internet safely!

Learn how to protect your computer, your data, your accounts,
and most of all, yourself!

All digital formats included.
The Ask Leo! Guide to Staying Safe on the Internet - Expanded Edition

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Most recent forum posts

Questions recently posted at The Ask Leo! Forum. If you see "Answer Needed!", maybe you can help!

More: All forum questions in need of an answer.

Glossary Term

internet of things

The Internet Of Things (often: IOT) refers to the increase in devices other than computers or computer-like things being connected to the internet.

Most often these devices are appliances of some sort whose functionality is enhanced by being connected to the internet. Examples include everything from refrigerators with built in webcams so you can look inside from elsewhere, to home thermostats that allow you to remotely adjust the temperature, to lightbulbs that can be placed into existing sockets and yet still allow for remote control.

The term is a slight mis-statement, as there is no separate internet for things – it is the same internet used by all. The reference is simply to the growing collection of non-computer devices – devices we perhaps wouldn't normally consider connecting to the internet – that are being attached to it to add an assortment of functionality.

Glossary Terms are featured selections from The Ask Leo! Glossary.
Have a term you'd like defined? Submit it here.

Featured Comments

Can I tell if email I sent has been read by the recipient?

Joe writes:

Why do you need my email address? To sell it? It's "required" but won't be "published"?

Ha ha ha.

What ever happened to free speech?

Leo writes:

I need it in case I need to contact you about your comment, and to encourage you to be responsible for what you post. Since you did not use a real email address (as some choose to do), I can't contact you (you may not care) and it's one more data point that I use when deciding whether or not to allow your comment to stand.

Free speech simply doesn't apply when you post a comment on someone else's web site. It's my site, and I set the rules, period. That's true for every website on the planet - the owner sets the rules. Free speech may apply (depending on an assortment of other factors, not the least of which is where you live) if you set up your own web site. You can say whatever you want on your own web site. That's free speech.

You Can't Assume the Cloud Has Your Back

Vicki in Michigan writes:

My email used to be handled by the university I used to work for. Around the time I retired, the university farmed out its email to gmail. (The U generously allows us retirees to keep our University email accounts.)

There is no way the University would have farmed out the handling of email if there was a significant risk that University email was not properly backed up, and/or properly available. Maybe I can't trust "the cloud," but I do trust "the university" to do due diligence on the way its email is being handled.

Gmail keeps deleted email for a month. Me "accidentally" deleting my email, *and* failing to realize I've done that for more than a month, is a risk I am willing to take. I'm not backing up my email, and I have no intention of starting to do so. (Noting that my email in regard to the charity I work with is archived on yahoo as well as being in gmail. This enables anyone on the staff to see all the mail on the topic of the charity. I believe that is "backed up" even to your satisfaction. :-) )

Do you think I'm being cavalier about this? I just can't see it as a risk. If the university doesn't regard it as a risk, for all of those people still working at the U and doing business in their email, I can't see the risk as significant. ??

On the other side of the coin -- my dad has copies of zillions of emails he's sent and received over the years on his Mac. It's my impression it's a headache to back up, and I would bet the farm that he couldn't find a particular email even if he wanted to look for it. There are downsides to keeping everything on your desktop as well as upsides, I think.

Leo writes:

If someone hacked your account, and deleted everything in it (permanently and immediately so the 30 day thing wouldn't apply), would you be able to get it back from Gmail and/or the University? If the answer is a definite "yes", then I'm relatively happy. However if the answer is "I think so", or less, I'd start backing up right away.

Also, I'm not suggesting you need to keep it all IN your desktop/backup email program forever. I have email going back over 20 years, but the older stuff isn't directly accessible from my Thunderbird, for example. I have to take steps to access it.

Ask Leo! on Business

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Adding a Contact or Other Form

Contact forms are convenient ways to encourage reader interaction while protecting yourself from spam as well as perhaps structuring the information provided.

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