Ask Leo! #681 – The First Dozen Changes to My Newly Reinstalled Windows 10

This Week

I nuked my machine and wrote up what I did next.

One of my more common questions: password protecting a folder, and understanding just what it means when you "buy" a domain.

This week on TEH Podcast

This week my co-hosts Randy, Gary, Kevin, and I discuss click-bait headlines and the Macintosh "Root Password" problems, click-bait headlines about a so-called "game changing" feature Windows may or may not get, chatbots detering sex exploitation, Google's Android app to help limit mobile data usage, saving bits of computer history, and more. Check out episode 3 of The Tech Enthusiast Hour podcast.

The First Dozen Changes to My Newly Reinstalled Windows 10


I decided it was time to reinstall Windows 10 “from scratch” on my Dell Latitude laptop due to performance issues, suspected misconfigurations, and general cruft on the machine. Yes, I could have dealt with all the individual issues, but a completely clean reinstall would take less time and result in a significantly “cleaner” machine.

It used to be that “reformat and reinstall” was something Windows needed every year or two. That's no longer the case, in my opinion, for most Windows 10 users. It's quite reasonable to expect a stable Windows 10 installation (with updates, of course) to remain in place for the life of the machine.

As you might guess, though, I don't fall into the category of “the majority of Windows 10 users”. With all the testing, installing, uninstalling, configuring, reconfiguring, and more, I tend to be rather hard on my Windows installations.

So, it was time to start over.


Before reinstalling Windows 10, I created a complete image backup, using the free edition of Macrium Reflect.

This is my safety net. Should anything about the reinstall go bad, from an actual failure to an accidental “oops, I didn't mean to delete that”, a complete backup image would save me. I'd be able to restore the entire machine to the state it was in at the time of the backup, or I could recover individual files as needed from the backup.

If you're considering the “nuclear option” (a reformat and reinstall) to resolve computer issues, take a complete image backup before you begin. Just in case.

I used Windows 10's “Reset this PC” to install a fresh copy of Windows 10 and erase everything that was already on the machine.

Then the work began.

1. Firefox

Normally, I'd not install a browser first, but I needed it to download step 2, below.

I normally use Chrome, but with the recent release of Firefox promising better performance and memory usage, I decided to see if installing it as the primary browser on this laptop would bear out those promises. (As you can see, the first thing I installed amounts to a “test”. I'm not an average user. 🙂 )

2. Team Viewer

This was an install of convenience. My laptop lives in our family room, and I work in my home office. Rather than walk back and forth for every step, I wanted remote access from the beginning, and TeamViewer is my current choice. This allowed me to continue other work while various installations completed.

3. Windows Update

This might have taken the longest. I visited the Windows Update page in the Settings app and had it check for updates repeatedly, installing all that were available at each point. This included the most recent major update, the “Fall Creators Update”.

I prioritized updating Windows over installing additional software for two reasons: in a subsequent step, I take a snapshot backup image that might be used in lieu of a reinstall in the future, and I don't know what software will be appropriate to have installed should that ever happen. I also want Windows to be solid and stable before installing additional software, so if conflicts arise I can more easily identify the culprit.

4. OneDrive

I make rather heavy use of OneDrive these days, and I wanted it configured and in place before the next step. This means that in addition to enabling OneDrive, I let it download and mirror all the files currently in my OneDrive storage to the laptop. Forty-six gigabytes later, OneDrive was up to date.

5. Back up again

I installed Macrium Reflect and created a complete image backup of the entire hard disk. Then I saved that backup image to my archives.

In the future, should I ever feel the need to “reformat and reinstall” this laptop, I can restore this backup image instead, saving me all the preceding steps. The only thing I'd need to do after restoring the image is revisit Windows Update for any updates.

6. Tweaks and twiddles

This isn't an installation as much as it is customization. While it's really an ongoing process, I mention it at this point because for me, this is when it really starts.

I pinned common applications (like Firefox) to the taskbar. I changed the notification area to show all icons always, and then disabled individual icons as needed — for example, I don't need the Dell mousepad indicator to be visible at all. I cleaned up my desktop so only the Recycle Bin remained visible, and so on.

7. Evernote

Next, I installed Evernote. I'm a heavy Evernote user, using it for everything from random notes to my daily “to-do” list.

The primary reason for installing it now, however, was to take the notes that would lead to this article. 🙂

8. Xplorer2

Xplorer2 is one of several Windows File Explorer alternatives. I started using it years ago, and have come to rely on its dual-pane interface to make copying and moving files somewhat easier. It's exceptionally customizable, and generally a useful and functional alternative.

9. Dropbox

I'm also a heavy user of Dropbox. I use it to share files with my staff, as well as quickly make a file publicly accessible for a short while. Like OneDrive, it keeps files accessible across multiple computers and mobile devices.

10. Cryptomator

Cryptomator is a relatively new addition to my arsenal. I've been evaluating it for several months as an alternative to BoxCryptor. (BoxCryptor's fine, but Cryptomator's free, and from the same people that put out CyberDuck and MountainDuck, two other programs I use.)

I use Cryptomator to encrypt the sensitive data I store in OneDrive. This allows me to fully, safely utilize OneDrive's cloud storage and synchronization to back up my important files as well as automatically replicate them across the many machines I use.

11. World of Warcraft

OK, ok, WoW is my guilty pleasure. I make no excuses. I found myself sitting in the family room wanting to check something in the game, so I went ahead and installed it. This laptop is in no way a “gaming” machine, but it's useful for a few administrative tasks.

12. Bluetooth headset

To be completely honest, I paired the headset to this laptop so I could demonstrate multiple output devices in an Ask Leo! Tip Of The Day. It's also convenient, at times, to be able to listen to something on the laptop without disturbing others in the room.

For the record, the headset is a Plantronics Backbeat Pro. It's served me well for several years now, and there are newer models available.


Since putting that list together, I've installed Microsoft Office 365, but that's about it. So much of my work has moved online that the urgent need to install a large number of applications on the laptop itself has decreased dramatically. The web browser installed in step one made the laptop almost instantly useful for a wide variety of operations.

I've explicitly not installed some things I would have previously, most notably a suite of command-line tools. That may change over time, as I run into situations where I need something. For now, though, my hope is to keep this a relatively clean machine…

…subject to whatever tests and experiments I might run as part of answering Ask Leo! questions, of course.

Related Links & Comments: The First Dozen Changes to My Newly Reinstalled Windows 10

The Ask Leo! Tip Of The Day!

An emailed tip six days a week to help you use your computer, and your technology, more effectively and with more confidence. Includes online access to all previous tips, as well as Ad-Free Ask Leo!

There's something for everyone, from beginner to the experienced computer user.

By popular demand: now available as a monthly or annual subscription.

Support Ask Leo! by purchasing a subscription to The Ask Leo! Tip Of The Day.



No Ads

Can I Password Protect a Folder?

Can I put a password on a folder so only I can see its contents?

Yes and no, and probably not in the way you're imagining it.

You can do something similar to password-protecting it using Windows security features, but success depends on using the computer the “right” way. I don't really recommend it. If you have something you want to password protect and keep secure, I recommend a different approach.

Continue Reading: Can I Password Protect a Folder?

What Does It Mean to Register a Domain?

What is the concept of domains and domain registering?

Domain registration is something many people take for granted. Yes, it means ownership of a sort, but it's not enough to register a domain; if you actually want to use it for something, you'll need to do more.

As I write this, I own something like 69 too many domains, so I know a little bit about it.

Let me walk you through the concepts.

Continue Reading: What Does It Mean to Register a Domain?

The Ask Leo! Tip of the Day

A feature exclusively available to Ask Leo! Patrons Bronze level & above.

More Ask Leo!

Become a Patron
Books - Business - Glossary
Facebook - YouTube - More..

Leo's Other Projects....

HeroicStories Since 1999, HeroicStories brings diverse, international voices to the world ' reminding us that people are good, that individuals and individual action matter. Stories - new and old - are published twice a week.

Not All News Is Bad - Each day I look for one story in the current news of the day with a positive bent. Just one. And I share it. - My personal blog. Part writing exercise, part ranting platform, it's where I write about anything and everything and nothing at all.

Help Ask Leo! Just forward this message, in its entirety (but without your unsubscribe link below) to your friends. Or, just point them at for their own FREE subscription!

Newsletter contents Copyright © 2017,
Leo A. Notenboom & Puget Sound Software, LLC.
Ask Leo! is a registered trademark ® of Puget Sound Software, LLC

Posted: December 5, 2017 in: 2017
« Previous post:
Next post: »

New Here?

Let me suggest my collection of best and most important articles to get you started.

Of course I strongly recommend you search the site -- there's a ton of information just waiting for you.

Finally, if you just can't find what you're looking for, ask me!

Confident Computing

Confident Computing is the weekly newsletter from Ask Leo!. Each week I give you tools, tips, tricks, answers, and solutions to help you navigate today’s complex world of technology and do so in a way that protects your privacy, your time, and your money, and even help you better connect with the people around you.

The Ask Leo! Guide to Staying Safe on the Internet – FREE Edition

Subscribe for FREE today and claim your copy of The Ask Leo! Guide to Staying Safe on the Internet – FREE Edition. Culled from the articles published on Ask Leo! this FREE downloadable PDF will help you identify the most important steps you can take to keep your computer, and yourself, safe as you navigate today’s digital landscape.

My Privacy Pledge

Leo Who?

I'm Leo Notenboom and I've been playing with computers since I took a required programming class in 1976. I spent over 18 years as a software engineer at Microsoft, and after "retiring" in 2001 I started Ask Leo! in 2003 as a place to help you find answers and become more confident using this amazing technology at our fingertips. More about Leo.